Below is a chart to help you determine how many anchor bags you may need for your soccer goals. Weight is a big factor but so is goal design as well as other factors, such as league requirements. Goals are exempt from the requirements of ASTM F2056, ASTM F2673 and EN748. Weights listed are Kwik Goal recommendations to stabilize goals for normal use.
The challenges in keeping soccer goals properly anchored have not changed significantly over the years. The biggest challenge in keeping soccer goals properly anchored in the United States is the fact that soccer is usually played on fields that accommodate multiple sports, like football, lacrosse and field hockey. In many situations, soccer goals are moved on and off the field on a daily basis for practice and matches, which requires the anchors to be removed and re-installed each time.
A second major challenge in achieving a higher overall goal anchor rate is the yearly volunteer turnover that takes place at the youth soccer level, where new club members need to be educated every year about the importance of proper goal anchoring and safe goal storage.
Finally, the recent growth of artificial playing surfaces has posed new hurdles to the goal anchoring dilemma. Fear of damaging expensive playing surfaces, coupled with sometimes unrealistic artificial turf manufacturer’s warranties has reduced the options for anchoring goals on artificial playing surfaces. Kwik Goal is at the forefront of the research and development of anchors meant for artificial playing surfaces.
Choosing the Right Anchor
The three main factors in determining the correct anchor choice for any goal are
1. Anticipated Goal Usage - semi-permanent v. portable.
2. Type of Playing Surface - grass v. artificial turf.
3. Soil Type of Grass Fields - sand v. loam v. clay.
Goals anchored in concrete will be less portable than above ground models, but are the safest option.
If any questions remain about what anchor choice is correct for your situation, consult with your specific goal’s manufacturer. For example, an anchor designed for a goal weighing 225 lbs. may not be suitable for a goal weighing 425 lbs.
The American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) is an international organization that develops and publishes voluntary consensus technical standards for a wide range of industries. ASTM makes its standards available for sale to any interested parties through its website www.astm.org.
In the late 1990’s, the Consumer Product Safety Commission directed the soccer manufacturing industry and the soccer community to work with ASTM in developing standards for the safe usage and manufacturing of soccer goals.
There are three ASTM standards that exist today that apply to soccer goals.
This document provides guidance to people administering soccer, like club presidents, park and recreation directors, athletic directors and groundsmen, on the proper installation, use and storage of soccer goals.
This standard provides manufacturers with safety and performance requirements for the making of soccer goals, which addresses accidental goal tip-over. Tests included in this standard are meant to ensure proper design and manufacturing of soccer goals 6.5’ by 18’ or larger.
Meant as a compliment to ASTM F1938 and ASTM F2056, this standard covers specifications for tip-resistant counter balancing should proper goal anchoring not be in place. The standard’s compliance testing is meant to simulate the swinging of two average twelve year old boys from the goal’s crossbar and applies to goals 6.5’ x 18’ or larger.
Frequently Asked Questions
1. Q: When do the majority of soccer goal tip-over related injuries occur?
A: Most soccer goal related injuries occur when organized soccer play is over. Injuries occur either during the transport of goals, when goals are being used for unapproved purposes or during pick-up soccer.
2. Q: Do heavier soccer goals need to be anchored since it’s inherently difficult to move them?
A: Yes. All goals must be anchored. A goal’s weight does not correlate to how well it’s counterbalanced. Any unanchored goal can be tipped over with catastrophic results.
3. Q: Will homemade goals that match manufacture’s designs or styles act as a suitable replacement for professionally manufactured goals?
A: No. The CPSC reports a large majority of goals involving serious, or even fatal, tip-over accidents involve “homemade” goals that have been made by shop classes, custodial staff or local welders who are not fully aware of proper anchoring techniques and safe counterbalancing goal designs.
4. Q: Is it true that soccer goals will not tip over unless they are moved or climbed upon?
A: No. Unanchored, portable, lightweight goals are capable of overturning during high wind conditions, especially with nets affixed to the frame. Goals should be anchored at all times.
5. Q: Once a goal is anchored, is it considered secure?
A: No. Unless a goal is anchored in a permanent/semi-permanent manner (ground sleeves or anchors in cement, deep soil augers or turf anchor), portable goals should be secured after soccer play is finished by locking goals face to face or locking goals to a permanent structure.
6. Q: Will padded goals reduce injury when a goal tips over?
A: No. Padding will not protect a person from injury when a goal tips over.
7. Q: If a soccer goal meets the ASTM F2673 Standard Safety Specification for Tip-Resistant Movable Soccer Goals, does it still require anchoring?
A: Absolutely. The ASTM F2673 Standard is meant to ensure proper counterbalancing measures are incorporated into the design of all professionally manufactured soccer goals. However, there are no known counterbalancing measures for portable or movable soccer goals that can guarantee with 100% certainty that a goal will remain tip free under every possible usage scenario.
8. Q: I’ve learned that some states have enacted laws regarding soccer goal anchoring and performance standards for soccer goals. How do I know if my state has passed any soccer goal safety laws?
A: Kwik Goal has been monitoring state legislation around the country and is listing any soccer goal safety bills passed into law at www.kwikgoalsafety.com. We also strongly recommend you touch base with your local state representative, who will be able to update you on the status of the latest soccer goal safety legislation in your area.
9. Q: Is there one particular group that is being affected more often by soccer goal tip-overs?
A: Injury data garnered by ASTM reports that approximately 75 % of the soccer goal tip-over fatalities that occurred between 1979 and 2003 were children three to twelve years of age.